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A    
age あ げ  lift
agura 胡座 sitting cross-legged
aikidō 合気道 way of harmony with KI
ashi foot
ashidori, ashitori 足取り grab foot
ashi sukui 足掬い, 足すくい lift legs
atemi 当て身 "touch the body"
quick movement with the arm to get contact to the partner and control the situation
awase 合わせ union
     
B    
barai, harai 払い sweep
bokken 木刀 wooden sword
bokkendori 木刀取り take wooden sword
     
C    
chōyaku 跳躍 jump
chūden 中伝  medium level
chūkyū 中級 medium level
     
D    
dan rank
way, method
trunk
dōjō 道場 practising place for Do
dori, tori 取り grab
dōsa 動作 movement
dōuchi 胴打ち strike the trunk
     
E    
e to
en circle
en undō 円 運動 circular movement
     
F    
fumikonde 踏み込んで with a step forward
funa, fune boat
funakogi 船漕ぎ row a boat
funakogi waza 船 漕ぎ技 rowing exercise
futari, ninin 二人 two persons
     
G    
gake, kake attack in martial arts' practice
gokyō 五教 5th teaching
gonin 五人 5 people
goningake 五人掛 5 people attack
gyaku unnatural side
gyakute 逆手 using hand unnatural way
gyakutemochi 逆手持ち hold unnatural way
gyoi 御衣 majesty's clothes
     
H    
hachi eight
hachinoji 八の字 sign of eight
hagaijime 羽交い締め hold elbows from behind
hagaishime 羽交い締め hold elbows from behind
hajime 始め begin
hajimereu 始める to begin
hakama divided formal skirt
han half
handachi 半立ち half standing
hantai 反対 opposite way
happō 八方 eight directions
happōgiri 八方切り cutting in 8 directions
harai, barai 払い sweep
hidari left
hiji elbow
hikōki 飛行機 airplane
hitori 一人 single, one person
hitoriwaza 一人技 single exercise
     
I    
ichi one
ichinotachi 一の太刀 one strike with the sword
ikkyō 一 教 1st teaching
irimi 入身 enter
issenkai 一閃回 turn once swiftly
     
J    
ji letter, character
stick, staff
jōden 上伝 upper level
jōhō 上 方 upper direction
jōkyū 上級 upper level
jōtori 杖取り disarm the opponent, take his stick
ten
jūji 十字 like a cross
     
K    
kaesu 返す give back
kaeshi 返し return
kaete 返て returning back
kahō 下方 lower direction
kaiten 回転 rotation
kaitennage 回転投げ rotation throw
kakudai 拡大 magnification, enlargement
kata shoulder
kata form
katadori 肩取り grab shoulder
katameru 固める immobilize
katate 片手 one hand
katatedori 片手取り grabbing one hand
katatetori 片手取り grabbing one hand
katatekosadori 片手交叉取り grabbing hand cross way
ken sword
kengi 剣技 sword art
kenkō 健 康 health
kenkōdō 健 康 道 way of health
kenkōtaisō 健 康体操 health exercises
keri 蹴り kick
kesa 袈裟 across the chest
kesagake 袈裟懸け slashed diagonally from the shoulder
kesagiri 袈裟切り cut across the chest
ki something not yet clear
kiatsu 気 圧 pressure with KI, air pressure
kiribarai 切り払い cutting with a sweeping motion
kirigaeshi 切り返し counter cut
kirigaette 切り返て cutting back
kirikaeshi 切り返し cut back
kitei 規定 defined
kōhō 後方 to the back
kōhōtsuki 後方突き thrust to the back
kokoro heart, mind
kokyū 呼吸 breath, timing
kokyūhō 呼吸法 breathing method
kokyūnage 呼吸投げ throw with correct rhythm
kosa 交 叉 across
kosadori 交 叉取り grabbing across
kōshin 後進 going backwards
kōshinwaza 後 進技 technique of going backwards
kote 小手 back of hand
koteoroshi 小手下ろし down the back of hand
kubi neck
kubijime 首締め neck choke
kubikiri 首切り neck cut
kubishime 首締め neck choke
kubiuchi 首打ち neck strike
kumi 組み couple
kumiwaza 組み技 practising in a couple
kyū rank for beginners
     
M    
mae front
maegeri 前蹴り front kick
makikaeshi 巻き返し rollback
maru circle
mawashigeri 回し蹴り swing kick
mawashite 回して as one swing
menuchi 面打ち strike to the front head
michibikigaeshi 導き guide back
migi right
migishitakara 右下から from lower right
misogi purification ceremony
mochi 持ち hold
muki 向き facing
muna, mune chest
munatsuki 胸突き thrust to the chest
munatzuki 胸突き thrust to the chest
     
N    
nage 投げ throw, fall
nagehanashi 投げはなし throw away
ni two
nidan 二段 2nd Dan
nido 二度 twice
nikyō 二教 2nd teaching
no genitive particle (=of)
nodo throat
     
O    
ojigi お辞儀 bow
okuden 奥伝 deepest understanding
onshi 恩賜 imperial gift
oroshi 下ろし taking down
     
R    
randori 乱取り free exercise
ri logic
ryō both
ryōkatadori 両肩取り grabbing both shoulders
ryōtedori 両手取り grabbing both hands
ryōtemochi 両手持ち holding with both hands
     
S    
sagaru 下がる step back
sakate 逆手 reverse hand
sakatemochi 逆手持ち reverse hand grip
san three
sandan 三段 3rd Dan
sankyō 三教 3rd teaching
sannin 三人 3 persons
sanningake 三人掛 3 people attack
sayu 左右 left and right
seiretsu 斉列 in a line
seiza 正坐 sitting Japanese style on knees
senaka 背中 back of body
shi four
shihō 四方 four directions
shihōnage 四方投げ four directions throw
shikkō 膝行 walking on one's knees
shin mind, heart, spirit
shin body
shinken 心剣 sword of mind
shinshin 心 身 mind and body
shinshintoitsu 心 身統 一 unification of mind and body
shitakara 下から from down up
sho first, new
shodan 初段 first grade
shoden 初伝 first understanding
shokyu 初級 first rank
shōmen 正面 front
shōmenuchi 正面打ち strike to the front
shūchū 集中 concentration, focusing the mind
sokushin 息心 breathing with mind
sokushin no gyō 息心の業 sounding bells exercise
sonomama その儘 as it is
sōtai 操体 moving another's body
sōtaihō 操体法 method of stimulating the health by body-exercises with partner
sudōri 素通り simply pass
suikomi 吸い込む inhale
suu 吸う breath in
sukui 掬い, すくい scoop
suwari 座り sitting
suwariwaza 座り技 technique while sitting
     
T    
tachi 太刀 long sword
tachidori 太刀取り disarm the opponent, take his sword
taigi 体技 set of techniques
taisō 体操 gymnastics
tantō 短刀 dagger, knife
tantōdori 短刀取り take knife
te hand
teate 手当て treatment, put hand for care
teatehō 手当法 stimulating health by applying hand
tekubi 手首 wrist
tekubidori 手首取り grab wrist
tekubikosa 手首交 叉 cross wrists
tenchi 天地 heaven and earth
tenbin 天秤 balance for scaling weight
tenchinage 天地投げ heaven-earth-throw
tenkan 転換 convert, turn
tobikomu 飛び込む jump in
tōitsu 統 一 unification
tōitsudō 統 一 道 way of unification
tori, dori 取り grab
tsuki, tzuki 突き thrust
tsukikaeshi 突き返し counter thrust
tsuzukiwaza   performing a series of techniques
     
U    
uchi 打ち strike
uchiwanage 団扇投げ throwing by the movement of using a fan
     
ude arm
udefuri 腕振り shaking arms
udemawashi 腕回し swinging arms
ue above, over, on top of
uke 受け receiving
ukemi 受身 here: partner who attacks
undō 運動 movement
ura back side
uragaeshi 裏返し returning to the back side
ushiro 後ろ back, behind, rear
ushirodori 後ろ取り grabbing from behind
ushirokatadori 後ろ肩取り grabbing shoulders from behind
ushirokatatedori 後ろ片手取り grabbing hand from behind
ushiromuki 後ろ向き facing back
ushirotekubidori 後ろ手首取り grabbing wrists from behind
     
W    
waza technique, exercise
     
Y    
yame 止め stop
yameru 止める to stop
yoko beside, side
yokobarai 横払い strike from beside
yokomen 横面 side of the face
yokomenuchi 横面打ち strike the side of the face
     
     
Z    
zagi 座技 sitting technique
zenpō, zempō 前方 forward direction
zempōnage 前方投げ throwing forward
zengo 前後 back and forth
zenshin 前進 forward
zenshinundō 前進運動 going forward
zenshinwaza 前進技 technique of going forward
zujō 頭上 overhead